At Kamakhya, Mother Goddess Sati is worshipped in the ‘Yoni’ form inside the sanctum sanctorum that is a cave with rock stairs. The legend has it that Goddess Sati had immolated herself due to disrespect of her husband God Shiva, then grief-stricken Shiva clasped her body around the universe in frantic sorrow. The scene was unbearable for God Vishnu, who had then cut the burning body of Sati with his ‘sudarshan chakra’ which led to the formation of different ‘shakti peeths’. The hill represents the body of God Shiva himself, and when Sati’s genitalia fell here, it turned blue to become the Nilachal. Though no exact date is available to ascertain the time of establishment of the temple, archeological evidences place it around the 8th century. The present temple was rebuilt in 1565 after it was destroyed and desecrated by a Muslim invader in the 16th century. This temple is surrounded by many other temples dedicated to several deities like Bhubaneswari, Kali, Tara, Chhinnamasta, Bagala, Bhairavi, Doomavati, Matangi and Kamala, all of them together with the Kamakhya temple are collectively known as ‘Dasa-mahavidya’.

A visit to this temple can be made any time of the year but the temple is most crowded during the ‘Ambubachi Mela’ every June. One can also offer prayers to the mighty Brahmaputra from the Nilachal Hills that offer a panoramic view of Guwahati.